## SwimRatings – How did I calculate them?

My latest blog post on the development of Heather Wurtele’s swim times has generated some interest. Rather than explaining how I calculated the Swim Ratings in comments or private emails, I’ve decided to write a longer, technical blog post explaining the algorithm I’m using. Here are the steps to process new results:

3. Calculate the new rating

Each of these steps is explained in more detail in the following sections. As an example, I’m using Heather’s results from IM Lake Placid 2011 in order not to overwhelm you with lots and lots of results. (Lake Placid had 24 Pros, her later races had way more.) The description also applies to my calculations for any of the legs in a triathlon or the total time, but as the question was specific to swim results, I’ll use the swim times as an example.

The goal of the race adjustment is to figure out if the race was slow or fast, taking things into account like how accurate the course was measured or how conducive the conditions on race day were for fast times. In order to calculate this number, let’s have a look at the actual results (Pros, both men and women) first:

The next step is adding in the existing swim rating. (Some athletes haven’t got a swim rating yet, these can’t be used for the adjustment calculation.) Then I can calculate the difference between the rating and the actual swim time and calculate the difference in percent of the rating. Here’s the data after resorting the table based on the percentage:

Only two athletes were able to beat their swim rating (compared to 16 that took longer), so you can already see that the swim was “slow”. There are a few statistical tricks to come up with a “fair” overall adjustment, such as using the average (-4,23%) or the median (-4,33%). What I’ve found works best is to use a percentage of athletes closest to the median. This way larger variations than what we have in this data set (aka. “explosions” on the run) do not play such a big role. Here I end up with a swim adjustment of -4,51%.

Once we have calculated the race adjustment, we can apply this adjustment to the individual times:

Basically we have removed all course and condition factors from the time and have arrived at a “neutral” swim time that is comparable between races held on different courses and in different years.

## Calculate the new rating

Now that we have calculated an adjusted swim time for each athlete’s results, we can pull all of these individual results into a swim rating. To continue with the example, here are Heather’s swim results and adjusted swim times up to Lake Placid 2011:

(We can also see that the results Heather based her original assessment on – St. George 2010 – was by far her best swim result.)

The simplest solution is to just take the average of all the results. But then an old result has the same influence as a new result – which doesn’t help much in assessing the current capabilities of a developing athlete or an athlete way past his prime. Therefore, I’m assigning each result a weight based on how old the result is – the older the result, the lower the weight is. I’ve found a value of 0.75 per year works well at reflecting current capabilities without making the ratings change too much. For Heather’s results, the difference between an average and my method is small (54:21 vs. 54:22) but there are examples where the difference is meaningful.

## Summary

I hope that I was able to explain in detail how I came up with the swim numbers that form the basis of my blog post comparing the different swim results. The calculation itself is pretty complicated and takes a lot of factors and situations into account. This has the disadvantage of making it almost impossible to calculate the numbers by hand, but so far I have not seen a better system. I accept that these numbers might not be “true” and cannot reflect the assessment of an athlete by a trainer who sees the athlete much more often than the few times per year an athlete can race in an Ironman. But a race is where “the rubber meets the road” and where an athlete has to show what all the hard training has been worth. The numbers just indicate whether there was an improvement or not and cannot judge the reasons behind it. Also, I can’t assess the future improvements of an athlete or the quality of a training program. I certainly wish Heather some improvements in her swim time (and overall results), and I’m sure she is busy planning with Paulo on how to improve.

## IM Arizona 2012 – Predictions (Main Post)

If you are looking for additional information on the participants, you can find a full list of their pro results in the detail post.

## Previous Year’s TOP 3

#### Male Race Results

 Rank Name Nation Swim Bike Run Time 1 Eneko Llanos ESP 00:48:47 04:20:54 02:46:09 07:59:38 2 Paul Amey GBR 00:48:47 04:22:37 02:45:55 08:01:29 3 Victor Zyemtsev USA 00:52:17 04:35:02 02:43:30 08:14:36

#### Female Race Results

 Rank Name Nation Swim Bike Run Time 1 Leanda Cave GBR 00:52:08 04:51:06 02:58:51 08:49:00 2 Linsey Corbin USA 00:57:00 04:50:11 03:02:27 08:54:33 3 Meredith Kessler USA 00:51:46 04:53:36 03:10:18 09:00:14

## Course Records

 Leg Gender Record Athlete Date Total overall 07:59:38 Eneko Llanos 2011-11-19 Swim overall 00:46:02 Kieran Doe 2008-11-23 Bike overall 04:20:54 Eneko Llanos 2011-11-19 Run overall 02:43:30 Victor Zyemtsev 2011-11-19 Total female 08:36:13 Chrissie Wellington 2010-11-21 Swim female 00:48:13 Leanda Cave 2008-11-23 Bike female 04:47:06 Chrissie Wellington 2010-11-21 Run female 02:52:56 Chrissie Wellington 2010-11-21

## Course Rating

Course Rating for IM Arizona is 08:10.

### Race Adjustments for IM Arizona

 Year Adjustment Swim Adj. # of Athletes Rating Swim Rating 2005 n/a n/a 0 n/a n/a 2006 04:19 -00:55 29 04:19 -00:55 2007 05:26 -01:11 27 04:52 -01:03 2008 05:01 -01:04 38 04:55 -01:03 2008 07:52 00:39 54 05:39 -00:38 2009 10:38 -01:32 37 06:39 -00:49 2010 10:59 -01:13 46 07:22 -00:53 2011 12:58 -01:07 58 08:10 -00:55

## Male Race Participants

I can almost copy what I’ve written about the field for IM Florida: A large field, but no real rockstars. We still have a few well known names that could easily contend for the top 10 in Kona 2013, such as Tom Lowe, James Cunnama or Mathias Hecht. Add in a couple of other strong, but maybe not quite as experienced athletes such as Richie Cunningham or Jan Van Berkel in their second IMs or TJ Tollakson, Matty Reed or Justin Daerr that may just take the next step forward. (Update: I thought James was considering Arizona, but he’s racing in Cozumel. My bad.)

Again, similar to Florida, there may be quite a few changes in the start list, with more athletes entering late and some others withdrawing.

 Rank Name Nation Expected Time Rating Rank 1 Richie Cunningham USA 08:25:26 08:33:12 24 2 Tom Lowe GBR 08:26:14 08:34:01 27 3 Jan Van Berkel SUI 08:30:30 08:38:21 39 4 James Cunnama ZAF 08:30:41 08:38:32 40 5 Mathias Hecht SWI 08:31:02 08:38:53 42 6 Stephan Vuckovic GER 08:34:15 08:42:09 49 7 TJ Tollakson USA 08:36:30 08:44:26 62 8 Georg Potrebitsch GER 08:37:22 08:45:19 68 9 Torsten Abel GER 08:37:54 08:45:52 73 10 Matty Reed USA 08:38:53 08:46:51 79 11 Justin Daerr USA 08:40:55 08:48:55 88 12 Fraser Cartmell GBR 08:48:36 08:56:43 133 13 Swen Sundberg GER 08:48:38 08:56:45 134 14 Matthew Russell USA 08:52:18 09:00:29 153 15 Kevin Taddonio USA 08:52:45 09:00:56 156 16 Domenico Passuello ITA 08:54:10 09:02:23 166 17 Luke Dragstra NZL 08:58:14 09:06:30 191 18 Ian Mikelson USA 08:59:37 09:07:55 207 19 Michael Wetzel GER 09:00:02 09:08:20 211 20 Jarmo Hast FIN 09:02:05 09:10:25 231 21 Markus Ressler AUT 09:03:55 09:12:17 237 22 Dan Brown PHI 09:04:57 09:13:19 241 23 Bryan Rhodes NZL 09:06:42 09:15:06 254 24 Jared Milam USA 09:07:46 09:16:11 264 25 Thomas Gerlach USA 09:16:11 09:24:44 328 26 Kyle Marcotte CAN 09:18:07 09:26:42 346 27 Brendan Halpin USA 09:20:36 09:29:13 364 28 Anthony Toth CAN 09:21:44 09:30:22 370 29 Adam O’Meara CAN 09:22:25 09:31:04 376 30 Manuel Wyss SWI 09:22:59 09:31:38 385 31 Lewis Elliot USA 09:25:25 09:34:06 399 32 Daniel Mueller GER 09:26:12 09:34:54 407 33 Tyler Butterfield BMU 09:26:38 09:35:20 410 34 Jeff Paul 09:29:51 09:38:36 423 35 Yeun Sik Ham KOR 09:32:31 09:41:19 439 36 Blake Becker USA 09:34:49 09:43:39 458 37 Matjaz Kovac SVN 09:43:30 09:52:28 522 38 Jozef Vrabel SVK 09:45:47 09:54:47 538 39 Heath Thurston USA 09:54:43 10:03:51 593 40 Timothy Beardall AUS 10:00:15 10:09:28 627 41 Nils Frommhold n/a unrated n/a 42 Richard Allen GBR n/a unrated n/a 43 Nicolas Hemet n/a unrated n/a 44 Jose Rosales-Yepez USA n/a unrated n/a 45 Adam Bohach n/a unrated n/a 46 Jason Watson n/a unrated n/a 47 Derek Garcia n/a unrated n/a 48 Christopher Ganter n/a unrated n/a 49 Alun Woodward GBR n/a unrated n/a 50 Marek Jaskolka n/a unrated n/a 51 Anu Vaidyanathan IND n/a unrated n/a

Update: There are a few well know athletes that are not on the start list but have announced that they will start in Arizona:

• Jordan Rapp (rated 8:27:33) (Update3: The Rappstar isn’t starting after all: He crashed on a bike ride, separated his shoulder and dislocated a finger. More on his blog.
• Andy Potts (rated 8:28:13) (Update2: Pottsy tweeted that he ended his season after the Austin 70.3.)

## Female Race Participants

On the women’s side, Kona winner Leanda Cave looks to become the second person securing a Kona spot (after Rinnie validated in Florida). She did the same Kona – Arizona couple last year, and what success it was (both in 2011 and 2012)! But with some of the other athletes in the race (most notably Linsey, Meredith and Kelly), she has to be in top form to repeat her 2011 win.

 Rank Name Nation Expected Time Rating Rank 1 Leanda Cave GBR 09:15:26 09:23:58 11 2 Linsey Corbin USA 09:16:34 09:25:07 13 3 Meredith Kessler USA 09:22:23 09:31:02 21 4 Kelly Williamson USA 09:22:51 09:31:30 23 5 Corinne Abraham GBR 09:27:48 09:36:32 35 6 Mirjam Weerd NLD 09:33:56 09:42:45 49 7 Jessica Smith USA 09:39:40 09:48:34 67 8 Tamara Kozulina UKR 09:39:42 09:48:37 67 9 Sarah Piampiano USA 09:44:38 09:53:37 82 10 Sara Gross CAN 09:45:45 09:54:45 85 11 Uli Bromme USA 09:48:21 09:57:23 93 12 Charisa Wernick USA 09:49:20 09:58:23 96 13 Janelle Morrison CAN 09:49:27 09:58:31 97 14 Kristin Lie NOR 09:55:49 10:04:58 121 15 Jacqui Gordon USA 10:00:31 10:09:45 140 16 Nina Pekerman ISR 10:01:55 10:11:10 145 17 Malaika Homo USA 10:05:09 10:14:27 150 18 Natasha Van der Merwe USA 10:08:48 10:18:09 163 19 Beth Shutt USA 10:13:19 10:22:45 179 20 Cindy Lewis 10:16:33 10:26:02 185 21 Trish Deim USA 10:21:05 10:30:38 196 22 Amber Ferreira USA 10:25:12 10:34:48 204 23 Leslie Lamacchia USA 10:28:08 10:37:47 211 24 Erin Young 10:39:51 10:49:41 235 25 Kathrin Mannweiler GER 11:03:53 11:14:05 261 26 Kim Schwabenbauer n/a unrated n/a

## Winning Odds

### Male Race Participants (updated)

The addition of Pottsy and Rappstar completely change the odds:

Jordan Rapp: 47% (1-1)

TJ Tollakson: 12% (7-1)

Tom Lowe: 11% (8-1)

Mathias Hecht: 11% (8-1)

Torsten Abel: 9% (10-1)

Georg Potrebitsch: 3% (38-1)

### Female Race Participants

Leanda Cave: 44% (1-1)

Linsey Corbin: 29% (3-1)

Meredith Kessler: 15% (6-1)

Kelly Williamson: 7% (14-1)

Mirjam Weerd: 4% (26-1)

## Male Race Participants

 Rank Name Nation Expected Time Rating Rank 1 Richie Cunningham USA 08:25:26 08:33:12 24 2 Tom Lowe GBR 08:26:14 08:34:01 27 3 Jan Van Berkel SUI 08:30:30 08:38:21 39 4 James Cunnama ZAF 08:30:41 08:38:32 40 5 Mathias Hecht SWI 08:31:02 08:38:53 42 6 Stephan Vuckovic GER 08:34:15 08:42:09 49 7 TJ Tollakson USA 08:36:30 08:44:26 62 8 Georg Potrebitsch GER 08:37:22 08:45:19 68 9 Torsten Abel GER 08:37:54 08:45:52 73 10 Matty Reed USA 08:38:53 08:46:51 79 11 Justin Daerr USA 08:40:55 08:48:55 88 12 Fraser Cartmell GBR 08:48:36 08:56:43 133 13 Swen Sundberg GER 08:48:38 08:56:45 134 14 Matthew Russell USA 08:52:18 09:00:29 153 15 Kevin Taddonio USA 08:52:45 09:00:56 156 16 Domenico Passuello ITA 08:54:10 09:02:23 166 17 Luke Dragstra NZL 08:58:14 09:06:30 191 18 Ian Mikelson USA 08:59:37 09:07:55 207 19 Michael Wetzel GER 09:00:02 09:08:20 211 20 Jarmo Hast FIN 09:02:05 09:10:25 231 21 Markus Ressler AUT 09:03:55 09:12:17 237 22 Dan Brown PHI 09:04:57 09:13:19 241 23 Bryan Rhodes NZL 09:06:42 09:15:06 254 24 Jared Milam USA 09:07:46 09:16:11 264 25 Thomas Gerlach USA 09:16:11 09:24:44 328 26 Kyle Marcotte CAN 09:18:07 09:26:42 346 27 Brendan Halpin USA 09:20:36 09:29:13 364 28 Anthony Toth CAN 09:21:44 09:30:22 370 29 Adam O’Meara CAN 09:22:25 09:31:04 376 30 Manuel Wyss SWI 09:22:59 09:31:38 385 31 Lewis Elliot USA 09:25:25 09:34:06 399 32 Daniel Mueller GER 09:26:12 09:34:54 407 33 Tyler Butterfield BMU 09:26:38 09:35:20 410 34 Jeff Paul 09:29:51 09:38:36 423 35 Yeun Sik Ham KOR 09:32:31 09:41:19 439 36 Blake Becker USA 09:34:49 09:43:39 458 37 Matjaz Kovac SVN 09:43:30 09:52:28 522 38 Jozef Vrabel SVK 09:45:47 09:54:47 538 39 Heath Thurston USA 09:54:43 10:03:51 593 40 Timothy Beardall AUS 10:00:15 10:09:28 627 41 Nils Frommhold n/a unrated n/a 42 Richard Allen GBR n/a unrated n/a 43 Nicolas Hemet n/a unrated n/a 44 Jose Rosales-Yepez USA n/a unrated n/a 45 Adam Bohach n/a unrated n/a 46 Jason Watson n/a unrated n/a 47 Derek Garcia n/a unrated n/a 48 Christopher Ganter n/a unrated n/a 49 Alun Woodward GBR n/a unrated n/a 50 Marek Jaskolka n/a unrated n/a 51 Anu Vaidyanathan IND n/a unrated n/a

## Female Race Participants

 Rank Name Nation Expected Time Rating Rank 1 Leanda Cave GBR 09:15:26 09:23:58 11 2 Linsey Corbin USA 09:16:34 09:25:07 13 3 Meredith Kessler USA 09:22:23 09:31:02 21 4 Kelly Williamson USA 09:22:51 09:31:30 23 5 Corinne Abraham GBR 09:27:48 09:36:32 35 6 Mirjam Weerd NLD 09:33:56 09:42:45 49 7 Jessica Smith USA 09:39:40 09:48:34 67 8 Tamara Kozulina UKR 09:39:42 09:48:37 67 9 Sarah Piampiano USA 09:44:38 09:53:37 82 10 Sara Gross CAN 09:45:45 09:54:45 85 11 Uli Bromme USA 09:48:21 09:57:23 93 12 Charisa Wernick USA 09:49:20 09:58:23 96 13 Janelle Morrison CAN 09:49:27 09:58:31 97 14 Kristin Lie NOR 09:55:49 10:04:58 121 15 Jacqui Gordon USA 10:00:31 10:09:45 140 16 Nina Pekerman ISR 10:01:55 10:11:10 145 17 Malaika Homo USA 10:05:09 10:14:27 150 18 Natasha Van der Merwe USA 10:08:48 10:18:09 163 19 Beth Shutt USA 10:13:19 10:22:45 179 20 Cindy Lewis 10:16:33 10:26:02 185 21 Trish Deim USA 10:21:05 10:30:38 196 22 Amber Ferreira USA 10:25:12 10:34:48 204 23 Leslie Lamacchia USA 10:28:08 10:37:47 211 24 Erin Young 10:39:51 10:49:41 235 25 Kathrin Mannweiler GER 11:03:53 11:14:05 261 26 Kim Schwabenbauer n/a unrated n/a

### Results for Richie Cunningham (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Arizona 2009-11-22 00:48:14 04:35:28 02:56:08 08:23:18 08:33:12 08:33:12 4

### Results for Tom Lowe (GBR)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2012-10-13 01:01:43 04:50:24 02:57:00 08:53:42 08:43:30 08:34:01 23 IM Austria 2012-07-01 00:57:06 04:30:02 02:58:57 08:31:15 08:36:51 08:30:47 6 IM Hawaii 2011-10-15 00:58:55 04:26:27 02:58:54 08:29:02 08:28:26 08:28:02 11 IM Austria 2011-07-03 00:52:06 04:29:05 02:44:48 08:11:30 08:32:52 08:27:47 4 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:56:37 04:22:51 02:48:12 08:11:44 08:21:44 08:21:44 3

### Results for Jan Van Berkel (SUI)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Switzerland 2012-07-15 00:49:46 04:42:59 02:56:44 08:32:27 08:38:21 08:38:21 2

### Results for James Cunnama (ZAF)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race Challenge Roth 2012-07-08 00:47:41 04:29:34 02:40:06 07:59:59 08:11:38 08:38:32 1 IM South Africa 2011-04-10 08:13:18 08:24:43 08:45:53 3 IM Florida 2010-11-06 00:51:45 04:35:55 02:43:09 08:15:59 08:26:09 08:50:52 1 Challenge Roth 2010-07-18 00:52:11 04:28:08 02:55:36 08:18:47 08:36:50 08:57:23 6 IM Hawaii 2009-10-10 00:57:20 05:02:10 03:20:14 09:25:05 09:12:15 09:03:56 51 IM Austria 2009-07-05 08:14:18 08:27:55 09:01:05 2 IM South Africa 2009-04-05 00:51:50 04:41:42 03:18:23 08:55:24 09:10:18 09:16:30 6 IM South Africa 2008-04-13 00:51:05 04:46:36 03:12:49 08:52:17 09:05:12 09:21:14 10 IM South Africa 2007-03-18 01:09:34 05:06:28 03:32:34 09:48:38 09:43:05 09:43:05 13

### Results for Mathias Hecht (SWI)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Switzerland 2012-07-15 00:50:24 04:42:50 03:05:36 08:42:08 08:48:09 08:38:53 3 IM Texas 2012-05-19 00:48:54 04:18:17 03:11:29 08:22:58 08:32:16 08:37:28 3 IM Switzerland 2011-07-10 00:51:11 04:35:20 03:01:59 08:30:26 08:40:03 08:38:21 3 IM St. George 2011-05-07 08:32:03 08:22:13 08:38:05 1 IM New Zealand 2011-03-05 00:47:19 04:48:22 03:04:19 08:45:36 08:42:32 08:40:48 3 IM South Africa 2010-04-25 00:47:44 04:33:52 03:03:18 08:28:53 08:32:57 08:40:28 2 IM Hawaii 2009-10-10 00:50:54 04:37:32 03:04:47 08:37:29 08:25:44 08:41:48 13 IM Germany 2009-07-05 08:11:56 08:29:52 08:44:42 5 IM Australia 2009-04-05 00:48:12 04:48:58 03:30:51 09:08:03 09:13:17 08:47:40 12 IM Hawaii 2008-10-11 00:51:42 04:36:55 03:01:13 08:34:02 08:28:04 08:41:48 8 IM Lake Placid 2008-07-20 00:48:15 04:55:42 03:07:07 08:56:33 08:52:22 08:45:13 3 IM Australia 2008-04-06 00:47:44 04:46:09 03:08:54 08:42:47 08:42:02 08:43:02 3 IM Switzerland 2007-06-24 00:48:13 04:34:12 03:08:36 08:32:47 08:47:13 08:43:26 2 IM Hawaii 2006-10-21 00:53:58 04:47:49 03:07:46 08:54:16 08:50:07 08:41:43 33 IM Switzerland 2006-07-02 00:47:44 04:40:11 02:56:19 08:26:01 08:39:12 08:36:45 1 IM Western Australia 2005-11-27 00:50:36 04:45:51 02:55:47 08:32:14 08:33:51 08:33:51 3

### Results for Stephan Vuckovic (GER)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Germany 2012-07-08 00:46:55 04:40:36 02:59:32 08:31:37 08:41:40 08:42:09 7 IM Germany 2011-07-24 00:48:07 04:37:57 02:56:07 08:26:03 08:32:57 08:42:17 5 IM Canada 2010-08-29 00:49:01 04:48:00 02:57:44 08:38:31 08:47:05 08:44:44 3 IM Hawaii 2009-10-10 00:52:50 04:56:31 02:58:13 08:51:35 08:39:30 08:44:08 20 IM Lanzarote 2009-05-23 00:50:30 05:11:16 02:49:21 08:57:17 08:48:00 08:45:15 2 Challenge Roth 2008-07-13 00:48:42 04:50:08 02:49:16 08:31:33 08:50:18 08:44:30 9 IM Florida 2007-11-03 00:50:38 04:35:14 02:51:56 08:21:29 08:37:29 08:42:53 1 IM Lanzarote 2007-05-20 00:49:23 05:13:37 02:56:04 09:04:13 08:50:26 08:44:28 3 IM Hawaii 2006-10-21 00:53:54 04:37:41 02:58:35 08:34:26 08:30:26 08:42:24 14 IM Germany 2006-07-23 08:58:38 09:10:28 08:47:24 9 IM Hawaii 2005-10-15 00:52:11 04:36:56 02:56:39 08:29:35 08:28:20 08:32:44 10 IM Canada 2005-08-29 00:49:18 04:48:01 02:55:27 08:36:34 08:37:18 08:37:18 2

### Results for TJ Tollakson (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM New York 2012-08-11 00:39:15 04:31:54 03:18:16 08:33:01 08:39:59 08:44:26 6 IM Lake Placid 2011-07-24 00:50:41 04:33:33 02:56:45 08:25:15 08:26:19 08:45:27 1 IM St. George 2011-05-07 08:40:20 08:30:21 08:49:16 3 IM Hawaii 2010-10-09 00:51:36 04:41:04 03:16:14 08:54:00 08:53:29 08:53:39 38 IM Arizona 2009-11-22 00:50:04 04:25:29 03:01:19 08:20:22 08:30:13 08:53:41 2 IM Hawaii 2009-10-10 00:52:52 04:52:38 03:16:07 09:06:20 08:53:55 08:59:10 32 IM Coeur d’Alene 2009-06-21 00:56:07 04:41:50 03:00:33 08:42:03 08:49:45 09:00:42 2 IM Hawaii 2008-10-11 00:51:47 05:12:15 03:43:59 09:53:43 09:46:50 09:04:42 58 IM Arizona 2008-04-13 00:50:06 04:36:54 03:04:06 08:34:36 08:39:23 08:46:43 2 IM Hawaii 2007-10-13 00:51:52 04:44:18 03:21:31 09:03:05 09:01:39 08:51:01 29 IM Louisville 2007-08-26 00:46:20 04:43:51 03:10:39 08:46:55 08:39:59 08:39:59 3

### Results for Georg Potrebitsch (GER)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race Challenge Roth 2012-07-08 00:47:29 04:32:03 02:59:23 08:21:39 08:33:50 08:45:19 8 IM Hawaii 2011-10-15 00:53:36 05:04:23 03:11:59 09:15:08 09:14:29 08:52:39 31 IM Germany 2011-07-24 00:48:01 04:33:49 02:56:54 08:22:29 08:29:20 08:29:20 4

### Results for Torsten Abel (GER)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:49:59 04:33:50 02:48:14 08:16:44 08:28:40 08:45:52 4 IM Canada 2011-08-28 00:50:34 04:44:40 02:58:21 08:41:09 08:44:45 08:49:38 2 IM Texas 2011-05-21 00:52:32 04:36:27 03:04:37 08:38:40 08:46:15 08:50:54 10 IM Hawaii 2010-10-09 00:52:25 04:52:02 02:53:08 08:42:42 08:42:12 08:52:21 26 IM Arizona 2009-11-22 00:50:07 04:33:36 02:53:19 08:20:39 08:30:30 08:55:59 3 IM Switzerland 2009-07-12 00:51:05 04:50:28 02:52:23 08:36:38 08:49:12 09:05:48 3 IM Canada 2007-08-26 00:51:27 04:54:52 03:10:24 09:02:07 09:04:33 09:14:36 12 IM Coeur d’Alene 2007-06-23 00:54:52 05:17:40 03:15:22 09:34:05 09:37:29 09:19:05 16 IM Canada 2006-08-27 00:51:02 04:56:50 03:22:47 09:14:42 09:14:41 09:05:29 10 Challenge Roth 2005-06-24 00:47:25 04:41:03 03:04:04 08:36:06 08:52:35 08:52:35 11

### Results for Matty Reed (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2011-10-15 00:51:41 04:43:41 03:09:59 08:50:00 08:49:23 08:46:51 27 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:48:02 04:40:56 02:59:39 08:33:08 08:43:34 08:43:34 6

### Results for Justin Daerr (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Wisconsin 2012-09-09 00:54:33 04:45:37 03:09:28 08:55:46 08:50:16 08:48:55 4 IM Texas 2012-05-19 00:55:27 04:33:51 02:48:33 08:22:15 08:31:32 08:48:44 2 IM Florida 2011-11-05 00:54:45 04:29:52 02:48:33 08:18:02 08:38:45 08:51:13 3 IM Louisville 2011-08-28 00:53:39 04:43:07 02:52:57 08:34:35 08:42:48 08:52:59 3 IM Texas 2011-05-21 00:57:46 04:31:21 02:56:45 08:29:44 08:37:12 08:54:33 7 IM Hawaii 2010-10-09 00:57:46 04:50:56 03:15:10 09:08:12 09:07:41 08:57:27 45 IM Lake Placid 2010-07-25 00:57:16 04:56:25 03:05:49 09:05:09 09:08:09 08:55:47 4 Challenge Wanaka 2010-01-16 08:38:19 08:38:07 08:53:33 2 IM Florida 2009-11-07 04:32:52 03:13:08 08:48:18 09:00:42 08:56:24 11 IM Wisconsin 2009-09-13 00:57:07 04:50:24 03:04:37 08:59:06 08:56:30 08:55:29 6 Challenge Wanaka 2009-01-01 08:47:47 08:53:23 08:55:14 3 IM Arizona 2008-11-23 00:53:14 04:38:29 03:04:30 08:40:10 08:47:45 08:55:43 11 IM Canada 2008-08-24 00:54:50 04:43:19 02:55:41 08:37:34 08:46:13 08:58:26 5 IM Florida 2007-11-03 00:55:27 04:41:12 02:59:51 08:40:25 08:57:01 09:04:09 10 IM Canada 2007-08-26 00:57:25 04:56:07 03:02:43 09:00:21 09:02:47 09:08:21 11 IM Florida 2006-11-04 00:58:26 04:54:57 03:04:54 09:05:48 09:15:23 09:15:23 14

### Results for Fraser Cartmell (GBR)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM UK 2012-07-22 00:48:15 04:59:30 03:15:45 09:07:00 09:06:00 08:56:43 2 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:48:44 04:28:00 03:29:03 08:50:14 09:02:58 08:52:03 25 IM Hawaii 2010-10-09 00:51:26 04:39:46 03:12:01 08:47:45 08:47:15 08:44:20 29 IM UK 2010-08-01 00:43:35 05:02:48 02:49:56 08:40:18 08:41:15 08:41:15 1

### Results for Swen Sundberg (GER)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race Challenge Roth 2012-07-08 00:50:33 04:43:37 03:47:31 09:24:58 09:38:41 08:56:45 21 IM Florida 2010-11-06 00:50:47 04:33:36 03:04:10 08:33:44 08:44:16 08:44:19 10 IM Switzerland 2010-07-25 08:29:18 08:35:42 08:44:20 2 IM Louisville 2009-08-28 00:53:05 04:43:47 03:02:22 08:43:36 08:45:55 08:46:35 4 Challenge Roth 2009-07-12 00:50:27 04:21:48 02:53:10 08:07:50 08:26:52 08:46:45 8 IM Florida 2008-11-01 00:53:17 04:27:41 03:01:46 08:26:52 08:46:27 08:53:08 6 Challenge Roth 2008-07-13 00:48:58 04:39:46 02:58:55 08:30:47 08:49:31 08:55:30 8 IM Hawaii 2007-10-13 00:55:19 04:45:37 03:11:51 08:57:37 08:56:11 08:58:24 27 IM Coeur d’Alene 2007-06-23 00:57:35 04:59:14 03:14:14 09:14:41 09:17:58 08:59:50 9 IM Arizona 2006-04-09 00:52:52 04:33:26 02:59:51 08:30:07 08:34:11 08:34:11 4

### Results for Matthew Russell (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2012-10-13 01:08:01 04:46:35 02:51:23 08:50:21 08:40:13 09:00:29 20 IM Canada 2012-08-26 01:03:04 04:48:41 02:53:34 08:48:30 08:52:27 09:02:39 1 IM Mont Tremblant 2012-08-18 01:02:34 04:47:11 02:53:29 08:48:12 08:58:10 09:03:49 3 IM Lake Placid 2012-07-22 01:02:06 04:57:35 03:10:50 09:16:43 09:17:28 09:04:32 4 IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 01:06:23 04:48:52 02:53:41 08:52:00 08:52:25 09:02:41 3 IM Texas 2012-05-19 01:04:47 04:39:52 02:53:25 08:42:50 08:52:30 09:04:21 9 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 01:00:51 04:26:25 02:57:03 08:29:19 08:41:33 09:06:35 12 IM Hawaii 2011-10-15 01:06:47 04:37:41 02:54:41 08:43:51 08:43:14 09:11:28 23 IM Canada 2011-08-28 01:04:22 04:56:10 02:54:28 08:59:31 09:03:14 09:18:06 7 IM Lake Placid 2011-07-24 01:06:13 05:10:45 03:04:57 09:26:26 09:27:38 09:22:26 9 IM Texas 2011-05-21 01:07:09 04:44:38 03:07:21 09:03:06 09:11:03 09:20:22 14 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 01:11:58 04:50:00 03:03:13 09:09:15 09:20:25 09:25:59 20 IM Lake Placid 2010-07-25 01:17:25 05:05:01 03:00:47 09:28:58 09:32:06 09:32:06 13

### Results for Kevin Taddonio (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Wisconsin 2012-09-09 01:04:47 04:52:15 03:01:50 09:05:35 08:59:59 09:00:56 8 IM New York 2012-08-11 00:47:53 04:47:58 03:22:00 09:02:52 09:10:15 09:01:13 17 IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 01:05:32 04:47:10 02:59:45 08:55:48 08:56:13 08:57:37 4 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 01:00:55 04:44:35 02:56:40 08:45:51 08:58:29 08:58:29 22 Challenge Roth 2011-07-10 00:54:21 04:39:35 02:58:36 08:35:30 08:58:30 08:58:30 13

### Results for Domenico Passuello (ITA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM UK 2011-07-31 00:50:49 05:07:30 02:49:03 08:51:52 09:00:00 09:02:23 4 IM France 2011-06-26 00:55:50 04:53:03 03:09:15 09:03:34 09:04:51 09:04:51 7

### Results for Luke Dragstra (NZL)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Sweden 2012-08-18 00:50:41 04:34:13 03:30:39 08:59:07 09:27:54 09:06:30 18 Challenge Wanaka 2011-01-15 11:23:16 10:44:36 09:01:18 8 Challenge Kopenhagen 2010-08-01 00:50:58 04:40:10 03:00:47 08:34:44 08:58:46 09:01:18 10 Challenge Roth 2009-07-12 00:49:02 04:24:05 02:58:10 08:13:51 08:33:07 09:01:42 9 Challenge Wanaka 2009-01-01 08:58:25 09:04:08 09:05:25 5 IM Wisconsin 2008-09-07 00:53:53 05:06:35 03:40:01 09:46:53 09:47:07 09:05:35 13 Challenge Roth 2008-07-13 00:49:05 04:46:27 03:01:03 08:39:52 08:58:56 09:00:11 11 Challenge Wanaka 2008-01-19 08:58:42 08:55:50 09:00:22 4 IM Western Australia 2007-12-01 00:48:31 04:29:03 03:09:08 08:26:42 08:48:18 09:01:00 9 IM Korea 2007-08-26 00:59:39 05:26:18 03:42:33 10:14:04 09:26:36 09:03:00 11 Challenge Roth 2007-06-24 00:53:40 04:34:01 02:53:48 08:24:26 08:43:42 08:58:59 8 IM Australia 2007-04-08 00:50:19 05:10:52 03:01:07 09:02:18 09:06:36 09:01:56 8 Challenge Wanaka 2007-01-20 08:54:17 08:57:13 09:00:54 1 IM Western Australia 2006-12-03 00:50:02 04:41:41 03:05:07 08:36:50 08:48:47 09:01:52 5 IM Switzerland 2006-07-02 00:50:53 04:57:33 03:03:51 08:54:47 09:08:43 09:06:17 9 IM Western Australia 2005-11-27 00:55:05 04:53:10 03:20:34 09:08:49 09:10:33 09:05:15 13 IM Wisconsin 2005-09-11 00:52:18 05:00:52 03:20:47 09:21:03 08:58:27 09:02:16 5 IM Arizona 2005-04-09 00:55:16 04:55:15 03:10:42 09:06:35 09:06:35 09:06:35 9

### Results for Ian Mikelson (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 00:53:56 05:09:07 03:05:50 09:13:03 09:13:29 09:07:55 7 IM Hawaii 2011-10-15 00:53:47 04:45:44 03:04:18 08:48:40 08:48:03 09:06:28 24 IM Lake Placid 2011-07-24 00:53:06 05:04:46 03:10:00 09:12:42 09:13:52 09:11:30 6 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:51:15 04:42:24 03:03:39 08:41:18 08:51:54 09:10:41 8 IM Wisconsin 2010-09-12 00:53:24 04:56:23 03:15:10 09:10:38 09:10:04 09:18:08 11 IM Lake Placid 2010-07-25 00:57:28 05:02:04 03:11:16 09:15:58 09:19:02 09:22:59 7 IM Coeur d’Alene 2009-06-21 00:56:33 05:05:16 03:12:08 09:20:07 09:28:23 09:28:23 12

### Results for Michael Wetzel (GER)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Wales 2012-09-16 00:51:18 05:20:47 02:55:28 09:15:12 09:12:14 09:08:20 6 IM New York 2012-08-11 00:45:07 04:52:58 03:09:40 08:51:26 08:58:39 09:07:26 14 IM Switzerland 2012-07-15 00:59:07 04:52:52 03:06:57 09:01:31 09:07:45 09:09:59 10 IM South Africa 2012-04-22 01:05:31 05:04:58 03:09:47 09:26:33 09:10:37 09:10:53 12 IM Cozumel 2011-11-27 00:54:55 04:45:45 03:11:59 09:07:02 09:15:34 09:11:02 15 IM Germany 2011-07-24 00:54:07 04:54:58 03:05:39 08:58:40 09:06:01 09:06:01 17

### Results for Jarmo Hast (FIN)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2009-10-10 00:54:29 05:06:41 03:28:35 09:34:25 09:21:22 09:10:25 56 IM UK 2009-08-02 00:54:02 05:11:09 02:46:19 08:57:59 08:58:51 08:58:51 3

### Results for Markus Ressler (AUT)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Wisconsin 2012-09-09 00:54:11 04:53:35 03:29:36 09:24:17 09:18:29 09:12:17 12 IM Wisconsin 2010-09-12 00:53:46 05:08:32 05:40:57 11:50:02 11:49:18 09:07:11 20 IM Arizona 2009-11-22 00:54:08 04:47:01 03:01:49 08:46:47 08:57:09 09:07:11 12 IM Lanzarote 2008-05-24 00:50:12 05:16:43 02:57:30 09:12:33 09:01:07 09:13:01 6 IM Hawaii 2007-10-13 00:53:22 05:14:36 03:25:00 09:41:35 09:40:02 09:20:15 55 IM Canada 2007-08-26 00:51:21 04:57:27 03:04:23 08:57:17 08:59:42 08:59:42 8

### Results for Dan Brown (PHI)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Australia 2012-04-29 00:56:46 05:42:34 06:44:37 13:29:04 13:39:54 09:13:19 6 IM Korea 2006-08-27 08:55:28 09:13:19 09:13:19 8

### Results for Bryan Rhodes (NZL)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 00:49:13 05:06:04 03:21:10 09:20:27 09:20:53 09:15:06 8 IM Canada 2011-08-28 00:50:11 04:45:16 03:44:56 09:23:24 09:27:17 09:13:29 15 IM Lake Placid 2010-07-25 00:50:02 05:02:39 04:20:30 10:18:40 10:22:05 09:09:35 25 IM Hawaii 2008-10-11 00:51:26 04:36:23 03:22:01 08:53:35 08:47:24 08:50:47 22 IM Canada 2008-08-24 00:49:22 04:41:44 02:55:45 08:30:12 08:38:43 08:51:24 1 IM Florida 2007-11-03 00:49:02 04:37:04 02:57:09 08:26:52 08:43:02 08:54:07 3 IM UK 2007-08-19 00:44:39 04:47:41 04:00:55 09:36:07 09:42:44 08:56:24 21 IM Coeur d’Alene 2007-06-23 00:51:29 04:51:52 03:00:35 08:46:38 08:49:45 08:45:17 5 IM Hawaii 2006-10-21 00:53:58 04:46:54 03:14:10 08:59:13 08:55:01 08:43:57 36 IM Lake Placid 2006-07-23 00:47:51 05:02:49 03:05:26 09:00:18 08:43:09 08:40:21 6 IM Western Australia 2005-11-27 00:50:31 04:45:51 02:58:03 08:34:25 08:36:03 08:39:09 4 IM UK 2005-08-21 00:45:31 04:59:17 02:53:55 08:42:11 08:39:51 08:40:53 1 IM New Zealand 2005-05-03 00:46:18 04:55:53 02:55:53 08:42:01 08:42:01 08:42:01 3

### Results for Jared Milam (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Wisconsin 2012-09-09 00:54:36 05:26:16 03:04:59 09:32:40 09:26:47 09:16:11 14 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:59:09 04:48:27 02:54:59 08:47:23 09:00:03 09:09:19 24 IM Wisconsin 2011-09-11 00:55:47 05:05:37 03:18:05 09:25:36 09:19:06 09:19:06 8

### Results for Thomas Gerlach (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Florida 2012-11-03 00:57:45 04:15:57 03:14:54 08:33:26 08:49:45 09:24:44 11 IM Wisconsin 2012-09-09 00:54:42 04:45:21 03:12:19 08:58:20 08:52:48 09:30:52 6 IM Louisville 2012-08-26 00:56:19 04:39:52 03:21:33 09:02:42 09:08:44 09:38:32 3 IM St. George 2012-04-29 00:59:19 05:33:54 03:12:14 09:49:00 08:57:00 09:45:58 4 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:57:04 04:43:37 03:12:27 08:57:00 09:09:54 10:00:21 27 IM Wisconsin 2010-09-12 01:01:16 05:05:38 03:40:33 09:53:49 09:53:12 10:17:55 16 IM Louisville 2010-08-29 00:57:45 05:08:27 03:55:53 10:08:29 10:08:27 10:26:03 12 IM Wisconsin 2009-09-13 01:00:57 05:19:56 04:15:24 10:43:20 10:40:14 10:34:33 20 IM Wisconsin 2008-09-07 01:05:29 05:27:43 03:50:55 10:30:50 10:31:05 10:31:16 19 IM Wisconsin 2007-09-09 01:09:56 05:32:10 03:48:53 10:40:11 10:36:22 10:31:24 23 IM Wisconsin 2006-09-10 01:11:55 05:44:07 03:41:58 10:50:49 10:24:48 10:24:48 20

### Results for Kyle Marcotte (CAN)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Canada 2012-08-26 00:57:16 04:56:45 03:29:24 09:27:32 09:31:46 09:26:42 9 IM Switzerland 2012-07-15 00:59:21 04:59:47 03:32:36 09:35:31 09:42:08 09:25:29 17 IM Canada 2011-08-28 00:53:48 04:50:32 04:20:44 10:09:49 10:14:01 09:20:33 21 IM Canada 2010-08-29 00:52:03 04:43:19 03:01:30 08:40:45 08:49:21 09:04:33 5 IM Canada 2009-08-30 00:54:29 04:47:48 03:11:17 08:58:34 09:03:07 09:08:57 7 IM Hawaii 2008-10-11 00:56:24 04:58:25 03:33:02 09:35:48 09:29:07 09:10:35 53 IM Canada 2008-08-24 00:53:25 04:44:56 03:02:07 08:44:30 08:53:16 09:05:29 6 IM Canada 2007-08-26 00:56:01 04:52:17 03:02:26 08:55:19 08:57:43 09:09:53 6 IM Florida 2006-11-04 00:58:42 04:49:12 03:53:54 09:46:42 09:57:00 09:14:23 28 IM Canada 2006-08-27 00:52:10 04:50:22 03:08:04 08:54:41 08:54:40 08:56:42 4 IM Florida 2005-11-05 00:56:55 04:48:59 03:03:30 08:54:16 09:04:56 08:58:01 7 IM Canada 2005-08-29 00:57:56 04:47:25 02:59:56 08:49:59 08:50:44 08:50:44 7

### Results for Brendan Halpin (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Mont Tremblant 2012-08-18 01:06:07 05:07:46 03:18:24 09:37:18 09:48:11 09:29:13 6 IM New York 2012-08-11 00:46:48 05:01:36 03:21:51 09:14:13 09:21:45 09:25:21 19 IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 01:03:20 05:05:13 03:18:06 09:30:04 09:30:31 09:26:16 10 IM Cozumel 2011-11-27 00:57:41 04:46:29 03:05:11 09:04:36 09:13:06 09:24:53 13 IM Wisconsin 2011-09-11 01:03:14 05:01:24 03:06:45 09:17:13 09:10:48 09:29:22 6 IM Coeur d’Alene 2011-06-26 01:01:54 05:04:59 03:22:59 09:34:19 09:34:52 09:39:43 11 IM Canada 2009-08-30 01:03:28 05:09:04 03:20:14 09:36:40 09:41:33 09:45:03 23 IM Coeur d’Alene 2007-06-23 01:08:24 05:11:19 03:24:20 09:48:09 09:51:38 09:51:38 20

### Results for Anthony Toth (CAN)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Canada 2012-08-26 00:57:23 04:55:37 03:04:25 09:02:07 09:06:10 09:30:22 4 IM Texas 2012-05-19 00:59:31 04:47:19 03:53:55 09:46:40 09:57:31 09:36:12 16 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:56:36 04:42:35 03:02:43 08:46:57 08:57:40 09:30:04 10 IM Canada 2010-08-29 00:53:29 04:47:46 03:04:17 08:49:44 08:58:29 09:37:32 10 IM Hawaii 2009-10-10 01:00:11 05:21:22 04:12:35 10:42:01 10:27:26 09:48:15 72 IM Canada 2009-08-30 00:54:24 04:50:35 03:13:37 09:02:45 09:07:20 09:37:39 9 IM Arizona 2008-11-23 00:56:02 05:01:52 03:21:10 09:25:11 09:33:25 09:48:24 31 IM Canada 2008-08-24 00:59:10 05:02:25 03:22:06 09:28:22 09:37:52 09:54:22 24 IM Coeur d’Alene 2007-06-23 01:08:01 05:19:43 03:24:30 09:59:02 10:02:35 10:04:04 21 IM Canada 2006-08-27 01:02:35 05:12:12 03:43:26 10:04:21 10:04:20 10:05:08 22 IM Canada 2005-08-29 01:06:13 05:12:04 03:39:58 10:05:22 10:06:13 10:06:13 24

### Results for Adam O’Meara (CAN)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM St. George 2012-04-29 00:58:47 05:51:26 03:13:44 10:08:10 09:14:29 09:31:04 7 IM Cozumel 2011-11-27 00:54:13 04:53:38 03:18:18 09:20:26 09:29:11 09:35:20 20 IM Canada 2011-08-28 00:53:42 05:10:12 03:28:09 09:35:55 09:39:53 09:37:10 18 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:53:22 04:57:44 03:02:30 08:58:04 09:09:01 09:36:07 14 IM Arizona 2009-11-22 00:54:10 04:55:28 03:20:11 09:13:58 09:24:52 09:48:03 19 IM Canada 2009-08-30 00:54:58 05:24:38 03:33:47 09:58:20 10:03:24 09:59:28 28 IM Canada 2008-08-24 00:55:42 05:20:13 03:16:59 09:38:37 09:48:17 09:56:06 28 IM Canada 2006-08-27 00:58:37 05:21:20 03:44:21 10:10:00 10:09:59 10:09:59 23

### Results for Manuel Wyss (SWI)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race Challenge Roth 2011-07-10 00:49:35 04:45:54 03:06:36 08:45:13 09:08:39 09:31:38 17 IM Switzerland 2010-07-25 09:54:26 10:01:54 10:01:54 24

### Results for Lewis Elliot (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 00:56:06 04:58:38 06:18:50 12:17:14 12:17:49 09:34:06 13 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:54:06 04:31:00 03:08:26 08:38:13 08:50:40 09:34:06 17 IM Coeur d’Alene 2011-06-26 00:58:46 04:55:38 03:53:39 09:51:45 09:52:19 09:43:38 14 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:56:39 04:40:27 03:29:46 09:10:54 09:22:06 09:41:31 21 IM Canada 2010-08-29 00:54:35 05:33:48 04:11:06 10:46:20 10:57:01 09:46:31 28 IM Arizona 2009-11-22 00:55:22 04:39:17 03:22:02 09:00:14 09:10:52 09:24:09 15 IM Coeur d’Alene 2008-06-22 00:56:54 05:02:48 03:18:43 09:22:43 09:26:05 09:28:40 10 IM Arizona 2008-04-13 00:52:00 04:41:56 03:51:05 09:29:08 09:34:26 09:29:26 13 IM Hawaii 2007-10-13 00:55:25 04:53:22 03:48:06 09:41:31 09:39:58 09:27:31 54 IM Arizona 2007-04-15 00:52:08 04:47:09 03:10:06 08:53:51 08:59:13 09:21:17 8 IM Arizona 2006-04-09 00:53:39 04:50:39 03:54:48 09:44:10 09:48:50 09:38:10 25 IM Arizona 2005-04-09 00:55:28 04:57:14 03:26:59 09:23:58 09:23:58 09:23:58 14

### Results for Daniel Mueller (GER)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Switzerland 2012-07-15 00:55:17 05:21:05 03:41:29 10:01:50 10:08:46 09:34:54 21 IM Wales 2011-09-11 00:46:17 05:17:06 03:33:28 09:46:31 09:14:10 09:26:28 11 IM Regensburg 2011-08-07 00:49:59 04:48:51 03:23:40 09:07:39 09:24:10 09:29:27 9 IM Switzerland 2011-07-10 00:55:36 05:08:31 03:40:10 09:46:22 09:57:25 09:31:05 10 IM Wisconsin 2009-09-13 00:53:36 04:53:19 03:22:17 09:15:12 09:12:31 09:19:41 10 IM France 2009-06-28 00:53:13 05:05:47 03:19:36 09:23:49 09:31:17 09:42:19 11 IM Switzerland 2008-07-13 08:42:47 08:52:56 09:46:30 4 IM Austria 2008-07-13 01:01:38 05:05:26 03:19:32 09:32:17 09:52:59 10:21:59 26 IM Switzerland 2007-06-24 01:05:41 05:34:27 04:29:17 11:14:05 11:33:03 10:37:16 24 IM France 2007-06-24 00:48:55 04:55:19 03:00:07 08:56:00 09:03:44 10:01:47 5 IM Switzerland 2005-07-15 01:02:01 05:51:40 04:50:01 11:48:55 11:43:14 11:43:14 30

### Results for Tyler Butterfield (BMU)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2010-10-09 00:52:17 04:50:26 02:59:20 08:46:16 08:45:46 09:35:20 28 IM New Zealand 2009-03-07 00:52:11 04:55:09 04:47:44 10:44:39 10:53:41 10:53:41 25

### Results for Jeff Paul ( )

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Arizona 2011-11-19 01:03:45 04:46:41 03:10:38 09:05:19 09:18:25 09:38:36 32 IM Wisconsin 2011-09-11 01:02:48 05:17:05 03:40:13 10:06:53 09:59:54 09:59:54 11

### Results for Yeun Sik Ham (KOR)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Korea 2011-07-03 01:02:43 05:03:40 02:58:19 09:36:02 09:41:19 09:41:19 6

### Results for Blake Becker (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Florida 2012-11-03 00:57:50 04:27:11 04:03:24 09:33:15 09:51:28 09:43:39 22 IM Wisconsin 2012-09-09 00:54:40 04:56:49 02:58:44 08:56:35 08:51:04 09:42:10 5 IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 00:55:59 05:42:09 04:50:06 11:33:03 11:33:35 10:10:56 12 IM Wisconsin 2011-09-11 00:54:20 04:52:43 04:51:12 10:44:24 10:36:59 09:53:34 14 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:53:15 04:44:16 03:23:31 09:05:04 09:16:09 09:44:50 17 IM Wisconsin 2010-09-12 00:55:09 04:52:12 03:02:10 08:55:44 08:55:11 09:50:17 5 IM Florida 2009-11-07 04:33:44 04:03:17 09:39:16 09:52:52 10:02:22 17 IM Wisconsin 2009-09-13 00:54:11 04:53:06 04:08:35 10:01:56 09:59:02 10:04:20 17 IM Hawaii 2008-10-11 00:56:19 05:23:42 04:06:10 10:35:12 10:27:50 10:05:39 65 IM Wisconsin 2008-09-07 00:52:16 05:23:11 03:54:12 10:16:55 10:17:10 10:00:26 18 IM Coeur d’Alene 2008-06-22 00:56:58 05:10:51 03:15:05 09:26:30 09:29:53 09:55:29 11 IM Wisconsin 2007-09-09 00:59:20 05:18:14 03:13:00 09:38:15 09:34:48 10:05:23 16 IM Arizona 2007-04-15 00:54:58 05:13:26 03:38:38 09:53:12 09:59:10 10:19:03 19 IM Florida 2006-11-04 01:00:24 05:05:01 04:23:27 10:35:27 10:46:36 10:32:12 34 IM Wisconsin 2005-09-11 00:59:27 05:46:11 03:44:30 10:37:51 10:12:09 10:12:09 20

### Results for Matjaz Kovac (SVN)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Florida 2012-11-03 01:00:16 06:25:28 06:48:55 14:32:33 15:00:17 09:52:28 28 IM Wales 2012-09-16 00:51:20 05:37:48 03:06:21 09:43:51 09:40:44 09:52:28 13 IM New York 2012-08-11 00:43:36 05:02:59 03:38:13 09:30:11 09:37:56 09:53:38 21 IM Austria 2012-07-01 00:56:59 04:56:45 04:58:29 10:57:58 11:05:11 09:55:20 22 IM Regensburg 2012-06-17 00:53:35 05:08:07 03:42:23 09:50:00 09:56:41 09:47:11 10 IM Wales 2011-09-11 00:51:44 05:40:07 03:39:09 10:22:12 09:47:52 09:45:57 16 IM Regensburg 2011-08-07 00:52:38 04:52:41 03:18:55 09:09:08 09:25:42 09:45:44 10 IM Germany 2011-07-24 00:54:18 04:54:21 03:41:53 09:34:50 09:42:41 09:48:18 24 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:58:08 04:54:30 04:10:38 10:07:28 10:19:49 09:49:06 33 IM Wisconsin 2010-09-12 00:58:23 04:58:29 03:27:39 09:32:03 09:31:27 09:44:56 15 IM Louisville 2010-08-29 00:58:04 05:01:09 03:35:16 09:40:45 09:40:43 09:46:55 11 IM Regensburg 2010-08-01 00:53:43 04:52:09 03:21:57 09:11:55 09:26:47 09:47:59 11 IM Austria 2010-07-04 00:54:39 04:59:01 03:29:52 09:29:03 09:41:01 09:52:15 30 IM Lanzarote 2010-05-22 00:58:00 05:29:37 03:39:34 10:16:55 10:09:41 09:54:59 20 IM Canada 2009-08-30 01:00:28 04:52:16 03:19:48 09:16:22 09:21:04 09:50:26 14 IM Lake Placid 2009-07-26 00:55:43 05:18:45 03:44:10 10:04:22 10:03:21 10:00:17 16 IM Lanzarote 2009-05-23 00:58:00 05:23:02 03:16:58 09:45:36 09:35:29 09:58:48 23 IM Lanzarote 2008-05-24 00:54:47 05:32:06 03:34:04 10:11:43 09:59:04 10:18:43 31 IM Lanzarote 2006-05-20 00:56:52 05:42:47 04:18:12 11:03:01 10:53:46 10:53:46 34

### Results for Jozef Vrabel (SVK)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:59:53 05:01:29 03:19:10 09:25:30 09:37:00 09:54:47 26 IM Florida 2010-11-06 00:57:17 05:00:14 03:19:33 09:25:34 09:37:10 09:57:17 24 IM Regensburg 2010-08-01 00:56:51 05:03:33 03:49:35 09:55:57 10:12:00 10:00:31 22 IM Switzerland 2010-07-25 09:44:24 09:51:45 09:58:30 23 IM Austria 2010-07-04 00:56:17 05:00:31 03:34:28 09:38:12 09:50:22 09:59:56 33 IM France 2010-06-27 01:01:03 05:26:33 03:48:43 10:24:27 10:36:45 10:02:26 14 IM Lanzarote 2010-05-22 00:55:48 05:22:40 03:39:21 10:06:17 09:59:10 09:50:21 19 IM South Africa 2010-04-25 00:59:52 04:58:25 03:25:44 09:29:48 09:34:22 09:45:46 12 IM New Zealand 2010-03-06 00:54:52 05:16:30 03:32:23 09:50:09 09:57:37 09:57:37 11

### Results for Heath Thurston (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM St. George 2012-04-29 00:51:18 06:24:25 03:45:13 11:07:34 10:08:38 10:03:51 10 IM St. George 2011-05-07 10:09:18 09:57:36 10:01:17 16 IM Canada 2009-08-30 00:49:20 05:38:37 03:35:53 10:08:42 10:13:51 10:03:47 30 IM Arizona 2008-11-23 00:48:52 04:53:26 04:09:12 09:57:00 10:05:42 09:56:33 40 IM Florida 2007-11-03 00:49:15 05:08:50 03:22:27 09:26:07 09:44:10 09:44:10 36

### Results for Timothy Beardall (AUS)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Florida 2012-11-03 01:02:14 04:32:43 04:31:39 10:12:28 10:31:56 10:09:28 25 IM Louisville 2012-08-26 01:08:01 04:44:44 03:40:34 09:39:18 09:45:44 09:45:44 6

### Results for Nils Frommhold ()

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### Results for Richard Allen (GBR)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race

### Results for Nicolas Hemet ()

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### Results for Jose Rosales-Yepez (USA)

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### Results for Adam Bohach ()

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### Results for Jason Watson ()

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race

### Results for Derek Garcia ()

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### Results for Christopher Ganter ()

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### Results for Alun Woodward (GBR)

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### Results for Marek Jaskolka ()

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### Results for Anu Vaidyanathan (IND)

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### Results for Leanda Cave (GBR)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2012-10-13 00:56:03 05:12:06 03:03:13 09:15:54 09:05:16 09:23:58 1 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:52:08 04:51:06 02:58:51 08:49:00 09:01:43 09:27:53 1 IM Hawaii 2011-10-15 00:53:54 04:58:41 03:06:36 09:03:29 09:02:51 09:32:56 3 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:51:13 04:59:55 03:18:13 09:13:50 09:25:06 09:39:53 3 IM Hawaii 2010-10-09 00:55:43 05:07:30 03:20:06 09:27:42 09:27:09 09:43:06 10 IM Arizona 2009-11-22 00:50:10 05:00:59 03:35:58 09:31:04 09:42:18 09:47:21 5 IM Hawaii 2009-10-10 00:53:27 05:19:02 03:45:40 10:02:24 09:48:43 09:48:40 20 Challenge Roth 2009-07-12 00:47:37 05:12:11 03:41:55 09:46:49 10:09:42 09:48:39 9 IM Arizona 2008-11-23 00:48:13 05:11:23 03:21:16 09:25:07 09:33:21 09:39:02 2 Challenge Roth 2008-07-13 00:53:02 05:13:17 03:17:59 09:28:03 09:48:53 09:42:31 7 IM Hawaii 2007-10-13 00:53:13 05:13:46 03:24:22 09:36:10 09:34:38 09:34:38 8

### Results for Linsey Corbin (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2012-10-13 01:02:53 05:16:55 03:07:55 09:32:18 09:21:21 09:25:07 8 IM Austria 2012-07-01 00:59:18 04:54:09 03:11:07 09:09:58 09:16:00 09:25:46 1 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:57:00 04:50:11 03:02:27 08:54:33 09:07:24 09:27:33 2 IM Hawaii 2011-10-15 01:04:50 05:08:45 03:21:01 09:39:01 09:38:20 09:31:12 16 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:59:35 04:58:13 03:03:29 09:05:33 09:16:39 09:29:40 2 IM Hawaii 2010-10-09 01:02:02 05:17:38 03:04:11 09:29:13 09:28:40 09:32:15 12 IM Coeur d’Alene 2010-06-27 01:01:40 05:07:44 03:04:36 09:17:54 09:24:31 09:33:06 1 IM Arizona 2009-11-22 00:59:23 05:05:07 03:04:58 09:13:46 09:24:40 09:35:31 2 IM Hawaii 2009-10-10 01:03:05 05:19:12 03:17:37 09:44:27 09:31:10 09:38:51 11 IM Hawaii 2008-10-11 01:00:35 05:14:33 03:09:16 09:28:51 09:22:15 09:42:07 5 IM Arizona 2008-04-13 00:59:07 05:11:00 03:18:19 09:34:38 09:39:59 09:51:25 5 IM Lake Placid 2007-07-22 01:00:10 05:47:54 03:10:18 10:04:19 09:56:46 09:59:13 5 IM Hawaii 2006-10-21 01:11:18 05:32:31 03:17:41 10:06:58 10:02:15 10:02:15 23

### Results for Meredith Kessler (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Florida 2012-11-03 00:52:44 04:47:00 03:22:52 09:08:28 09:25:54 09:31:02 4 IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 00:51:53 05:13:16 03:12:04 09:21:44 09:22:10 09:31:46 1 IM St. George 2012-04-29 00:52:42 05:57:14 03:18:23 10:12:59 09:18:52 09:33:11 1 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:51:46 04:53:36 03:10:18 09:00:14 09:13:13 09:35:31 3 IM Wisconsin 2011-09-11 00:53:07 05:15:31 03:34:51 09:50:45 09:43:57 09:39:17 2 IM Canada 2011-08-28 00:53:31 05:06:46 03:33:39 09:37:22 09:41:21 09:38:23 3 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 00:51:21 05:07:46 03:11:33 09:15:01 09:26:18 09:37:42 4 IM Hawaii 2010-10-09 00:58:00 05:31:57 03:28:11 10:04:02 10:03:27 09:40:18 26 IM Canada 2010-08-29 00:49:59 05:09:33 03:10:14 09:13:46 09:22:55 09:33:46 1 IM Coeur d’Alene 2010-06-27 00:54:07 05:11:16 03:14:23 09:23:52 09:30:34 09:37:51 2 IM St. George 2010-05-01 00:51:54 05:37:48 03:12:40 09:46:58 09:36:04 09:41:54 2 IM Arizona 2009-11-22 00:54:12 05:05:26 03:32:51 09:37:09 09:48:30 09:48:30 7

### Results for Kelly Williamson (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2012-10-13 00:57:39 05:40:03 03:05:01 09:46:51 09:35:38 09:31:30 15 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:51:45 05:03:55 03:11:59 09:12:18 09:25:34 09:30:17 6 IM Hawaii 2011-10-15 00:55:49 05:24:29 03:03:33 09:29:08 09:28:28 09:31:41 13 IM Texas 2011-05-21 00:53:12 05:06:08 03:04:06 09:07:54 09:15:55 09:32:58 2 IM Hawaii 2010-10-09 00:57:23 05:22:40 03:11:04 09:36:11 09:35:38 09:42:29 15 IM Coeur d’Alene 2010-06-27 00:53:48 05:27:33 03:14:11 09:39:23 09:46:16 09:48:29 3 IM Coeur d’Alene 2005-06-26 01:03:51 04:47:38 04:01:19 09:57:48 09:57:48 09:57:48 1

### Results for Corinne Abraham (GBR)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Germany 2012-07-08 00:56:06 05:12:28 03:08:14 09:21:03 09:32:04 09:36:32 3 IM Texas 2012-05-19 01:04:06 05:08:21 03:01:50 09:18:39 09:28:59 09:39:27 4 IM Regensburg 2010-08-01 01:02:11 05:15:09 03:19:27 09:41:21 09:57:01 09:57:01 3

### Results for Mirjam Weerd (NLD)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race Challenge Roth 2012-07-08 00:50:11 04:56:07 03:12:35 09:02:39 09:15:49 09:42:45 5 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:53:55 05:01:27 03:44:59 09:45:50 09:59:55 09:54:05 16 IM Wisconsin 2010-09-12 00:55:07 05:27:30 03:22:10 09:52:25 09:51:48 09:50:56 3 IM South Africa 2010-04-25 00:56:20 05:09:56 03:25:10 09:37:24 09:42:01 09:50:24 4 IM Germany 2009-07-05 09:39:50 10:00:58 10:00:58 6

### Results for Jessica Smith (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:54:00 05:07:30 03:27:13 09:34:45 09:48:34 09:48:34 12

### Results for Tamara Kozulina (UKR)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM New York 2012-08-11 00:47:23 05:19:02 03:22:27 09:33:23 09:41:10 09:48:37 5 IM France 2012-06-24 01:00:33 05:30:15 03:09:51 09:47:34 09:49:09 09:50:03 4 IM St. George 2011-05-07 10:43:37 10:31:16 09:50:15 5 IM Florida 2010-11-06 01:01:23 05:05:35 03:14:59 09:28:43 09:40:23 09:42:11 5 IM Florida 2009-11-07 04:56:12 03:06:53 09:12:47 09:25:46 09:42:33 2 IM Lake Placid 2009-07-26 00:59:23 05:26:25 03:25:01 09:56:24 09:55:24 09:45:37 4 IM Florida 2008-11-01 00:59:10 05:04:25 03:06:56 09:14:15 09:35:40 09:43:38 2 IM Austria 2008-07-13 00:55:57 04:56:51 03:08:04 09:06:42 09:26:29 09:45:12 4 IM Arizona 2008-04-13 00:59:03 05:20:54 03:09:57 09:34:18 09:39:39 09:49:18 4 IM Florida 2007-11-03 01:00:29 04:57:54 03:17:22 09:20:10 09:38:02 09:51:45 5 IM Hawaii 2007-10-13 01:03:15 05:34:13 03:13:32 09:56:16 09:54:41 09:55:45 19 IM Florida 2006-11-04 01:04:10 05:19:19 03:12:09 09:41:50 09:52:03 09:56:10 4 IM Coeur d’Alene 2006-06-25 01:03:27 05:25:38 03:38:06 10:10:46 10:10:11 09:57:59 9 IM Hawaii 2005-10-15 01:08:18 05:16:55 03:14:19 09:43:50 09:42:24 09:49:59 13 IM Arizona 2005-04-09 01:04:07 05:29:48 03:19:54 09:58:46 09:58:46 09:58:46 4

### Results for Sarah Piampiano (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2012-10-13 01:06:20 05:29:53 03:23:29 10:04:51 09:53:17 09:53:37 23 IM New York 2012-08-11 00:47:14 05:10:49 03:28:29 09:30:29 09:38:14 09:53:45 4 IM Texas 2012-05-19 01:03:13 05:09:00 03:30:18 09:47:38 09:58:30 10:02:36 6 IM Cozumel 2011-11-27 01:02:26 05:24:36 03:25:44 09:57:58 10:07:18 10:07:18 7

### Results for Sara Gross (CAN)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Hawaii 2012-10-13 01:00:07 05:46:05 03:13:00 10:03:54 09:52:21 09:54:45 22 IM Brasil 2012-05-27 00:52:29 05:18:36 03:24:03 09:35:08 09:52:42 09:55:08 4 IM Cozumel 2011-11-27 00:54:44 05:38:29 03:18:18 09:56:29 10:05:47 09:55:32 6 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:54:09 05:11:34 03:07:52 09:18:03 09:31:28 09:53:48 8 IM Canada 2011-08-28 00:58:26 05:28:27 03:16:54 09:46:56 09:50:59 09:58:20 4 IM Canada 2009-08-30 00:53:27 05:34:52 04:10:14 10:42:08 10:47:34 10:00:03 13 IM Brasil 2009-05-31 00:56:56 05:28:07 03:19:44 09:44:46 10:01:35 09:52:49 4 IM Hawaii 2008-10-11 00:59:04 05:42:28 03:18:58 10:06:10 09:59:08 09:51:22 20 IM Canada 2008-08-24 00:55:15 05:26:09 03:16:25 09:41:31 09:51:14 09:50:08 4 IM Coeur d’Alene 2008-06-22 01:01:36 05:39:10 03:19:33 10:03:45 10:07:22 09:49:56 4 IM Florida 2007-11-03 00:55:34 05:08:34 03:16:22 09:24:41 09:42:42 09:46:18 7 IM Canada 2007-08-26 00:57:31 05:29:39 03:12:50 09:43:34 09:46:11 09:47:03 2 IM Austria 2007-07-08 00:52:55 05:11:49 03:14:42 09:24:06 09:35:08 09:47:16 4 IM Brasil 2007-05-27 00:54:42 05:23:55 03:14:32 09:33:09 09:45:16 09:51:06 5 IM Western Australia 2006-12-03 00:55:34 05:09:03 03:10:56 09:15:33 09:28:24 09:53:39 2 IM Canada 2006-08-27 00:58:59 05:40:58 03:28:48 10:12:35 10:12:34 10:09:13 5 IM Canada 2005-08-29 01:01:23 05:34:53 03:24:17 10:03:55 10:04:46 10:04:46 6

### Results for Uli Bromme (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Mont Tremblant 2012-08-18 01:04:38 05:14:35 03:17:32 09:42:45 09:53:44 09:57:23 2 IM St. George 2012-04-29 01:09:10 06:10:21 03:29:40 10:53:20 09:55:40 09:58:09 3 IM Hawaii 2011-10-15 01:12:51 05:26:30 03:33:25 10:19:09 10:18:25 09:58:44 21 IM Germany 2011-07-24 00:57:27 05:18:30 03:23:16 09:44:10 09:52:08 09:53:41 11 IM St. George 2011-05-07 10:10:48 09:59:05 09:54:10 3 IM Arizona 2010-11-21 01:00:08 05:12:13 03:14:17 09:31:22 09:42:59 09:52:05 9 IM Canada 2010-08-29 00:59:16 05:32:20 03:10:34 09:46:19 09:56:00 09:57:28 7 IM Arizona 2009-11-22 01:00:45 05:16:44 03:22:40 09:47:44 09:59:18 09:59:18 10

### Results for Charisa Wernick (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Wisconsin 2012-09-09 01:00:41 05:29:57 03:05:58 09:43:54 09:37:54 09:58:23 3 IM Texas 2012-05-19 00:59:11 05:07:33 03:16:28 09:27:43 09:38:13 10:03:35 5 IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:58:51 05:04:34 03:15:09 09:22:37 09:36:08 10:11:17 10 IM Cozumel 2010-11-28 10:07:30 10:19:05 10:31:11 7 IM Wisconsin 2010-09-12 01:03:50 05:33:10 03:23:21 10:07:19 10:06:41 10:35:13 5 IM Lake Placid 2010-07-25 01:06:51 05:38:42 03:22:01 10:13:07 10:16:30 10:48:18 8 IM Coeur d’Alene 2008-06-22 01:06:08 05:52:08 03:32:37 10:35:13 10:39:01 11:13:22 10 IM Coeur d’Alene 2007-06-23 01:11:37 06:08:54 03:43:04 11:13:10 11:17:09 11:39:30 3 IM Coeur d’Alene 2006-06-25 01:06:05 06:15:43 04:37:21 12:09:56 12:09:15 12:09:15 22

### Results for Janelle Morrison (CAN)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Canada 2012-08-26 01:06:46 05:16:47 03:25:57 09:53:20 09:57:46 09:58:31 3 IM Canada 2010-08-29 01:06:36 05:16:01 03:21:32 09:48:15 09:57:58 09:58:55 8 IM Coeur d’Alene 2010-06-27 01:11:20 05:22:06 03:13:05 09:50:25 09:57:25 09:59:20 5 IM Canada 2009-08-30 01:05:24 05:21:58 03:17:49 09:48:54 09:53:53 10:00:44 3 IM Canada 2008-08-24 01:10:47 05:25:00 03:17:59 09:59:54 10:09:55 10:09:55 8

### Results for Kristin Lie (NOR)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Florida 2012-11-03 01:16:48 04:46:38 03:24:05 09:33:34 09:51:48 10:04:58 11 IM Wales 2012-09-16 01:03:00 05:53:11 03:10:42 10:16:27 10:13:10 10:09:00 4 IM Austria 2011-07-03 01:07:55 05:00:52 03:15:11 09:31:44 09:56:36 10:07:15 10 Challenge Roth 2010-07-18 01:10:20 05:11:03 03:26:26 09:41:05 10:02:07 10:11:43 5 IM Florida 2009-11-07 04:57:24 03:37:12 10:01:00 10:15:07 10:16:12 11 IM Wisconsin 2009-09-13 01:15:54 05:27:27 03:29:07 10:20:58 10:17:58 10:16:52 7 IM Brasil 2008-05-25 01:25:45 04:59:02 03:32:32 10:07:52 10:15:16 10:15:16 4

### Results for Jacqui Gordon (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM New York 2012-08-11 00:45:33 05:23:28 03:35:50 09:48:58 09:56:58 10:09:45 9 IM Lake Placid 2012-07-22 01:02:05 05:32:09 03:28:46 10:08:28 10:09:18 10:11:40 3 IM South Africa 2012-04-22 01:13:59 05:47:21 03:34:01 10:41:13 10:23:11 10:12:04 10 IM Lake Placid 2011-07-24 01:01:37 05:31:56 03:28:47 10:07:22 10:08:39 10:09:56 5 IM Texas 2011-05-21 01:00:46 05:00:20 03:22:03 09:27:20 09:35:38 10:10:11 8 IM Florida 2010-11-06 01:01:10 05:18:06 03:41:56 10:09:42 10:22:12 10:17:28 9 IM Lake Placid 2009-07-26 00:59:19 05:29:42 03:34:07 10:08:19 10:07:18 10:16:25 6 IM South Africa 2009-04-05 00:59:25 05:08:48 03:34:24 09:46:26 10:02:45 10:18:03 4 IM Hawaii 2008-10-11 01:07:42 05:33:16 03:33:45 10:20:49 10:13:37 10:21:05 26 IM Louisville 2008-08-27 01:03:43 05:25:01 03:53:00 10:26:03 10:17:36 10:22:37 7 IM Lake Placid 2008-07-20 01:00:47 05:42:12 03:42:58 10:31:53 10:26:58 10:23:53 6 IM Arizona 2008-04-13 01:01:41 05:27:16 03:58:37 10:32:32 10:38:25 10:22:54 14 IM Florida 2007-11-03 01:00:15 05:10:21 03:36:50 09:51:46 10:10:39 10:16:20 15 IM Canada 2007-08-26 01:03:08 05:44:14 03:37:25 10:29:13 10:32:03 10:19:42 14 IM Hawaii 2006-10-21 01:11:10 05:10:36 03:41:15 10:08:41 10:03:57 10:03:57 26

### Results for Nina Pekerman (ISR)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM New York 2012-08-11 00:45:37 05:28:52 03:42:33 10:01:47 10:09:58 10:11:10 13 IM Germany 2012-07-08 00:52:48 05:25:30 03:31:34 09:55:38 10:07:20 10:11:48 10 IM South Africa 2012-04-22 01:08:29 05:53:14 03:27:46 10:34:24 10:16:33 10:16:33 9

### Results for Malaika Homo (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Coeur d’Alene 2010-06-27 00:54:17 05:26:08 03:42:01 10:07:15 10:14:27 10:14:27 9

### Results for Natasha Van der Merwe (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Florida 2012-11-03 01:09:23 04:54:05 03:50:00 09:59:06 10:18:09 10:18:09 16

### Results for Beth Shutt (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 01:03:27 05:37:41 03:37:21 10:22:16 10:22:45 10:22:45 5

### Results for Cindy Lewis ()

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Louisville 2011-08-28 01:02:18 05:25:47 03:29:48 10:04:14 10:13:53 10:26:02 6 Challenge Roth 2011-07-10 01:00:10 05:09:30 03:32:09 09:45:56 10:12:05 10:31:01 8 IM Louisville 2010-08-29 01:10:15 05:31:10 03:44:23 10:34:00 10:33:58 10:43:22 6 IM Lake Placid 2008-07-20 01:04:29 05:52:17 03:46:38 10:53:06 10:48:01 10:53:05 8 IM Canada 2007-08-26 01:09:23 05:54:42 03:45:20 10:56:42 10:59:39 10:59:39 20

### Results for Trish Deim (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Canada 2012-08-26 01:10:02 05:19:23 03:47:48 10:21:48 10:26:27 10:30:38 7 IM Coeur d’Alene 2012-06-24 01:06:50 05:36:04 03:45:59 10:34:32 10:35:02 10:35:02 7

### Results for Amber Ferreira (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Arizona 2011-11-19 00:55:22 05:19:49 03:21:54 09:42:20 09:56:20 10:34:48 15 IM Lake Placid 2011-07-24 01:00:20 05:44:03 03:35:31 10:30:39 10:31:59 10:56:34 7 IM St. George 2011-05-07 11:36:03 11:22:42 11:22:42 7

### Results for Leslie Lamacchia (USA)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Lake Placid 2012-07-22 01:06:27 05:47:21 03:36:28 10:36:55 10:37:47 10:37:47 6

### Results for Erin Young ()

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM St. George 2012-04-29 01:09:11 06:56:04 03:40:01 11:52:35 10:49:41 10:49:41 6

### Results for Kathrin Mannweiler (GER)

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race IM Wales 2011-09-11 00:55:10 06:32:01 04:07:27 11:46:05 11:07:08 11:14:05 4 IM Switzerland 2011-07-10 01:05:22 05:38:52 04:21:39 11:08:46 11:21:23 11:21:23 6

### Results for Kim Schwabenbauer ()

 Race Date Swim Bike Run Total Adjusted Rating Rank in Race

## Kona 2012 – Swim Time Analysis for Heather Wurtele

On her blog, Heather Wurtele wrote that she was frustrated about her swim time in Kona:

In 2010 I swam a 51 min IM swim in St. George, beating Meredith Kessler out of the water. I also used to be in front of Caitlin Snow out of the water, pretty much guaranteed  These two ladies now soundly kick my ass. … Their improvement highlights my stagnation.

Here’s the data that Heather’s statement is based on:

(I put Meredith’s Hawaii time in brackets as she didn’t finish this year after a bike crash.)

Heather’s coach, Paulo Souza, replied with an analysis of the Kona swim times:

• Your time difference to the best time has decreased both in 2011 and 2012
• Your time difference to the most consistent performer in the years you raced Kona (Rachel Joyce) has decreased in 2011 and 2012.
• Your time difference to the best athlete in that list (Mirinda) has also decreased from last year to this year.

He comes to the following conclusion:

I think the data shows your clear progression in the last couple years.

As I have started to analyze swim/bike/run times (in addition to the total finishing times), this discussion inspired me do have a closer look at the data. First, here’s a look at the swim times where Heather was racing with one of the ladies mentioned:

(The table is just a comparison with Heather’s results; of course, the other athletes have more results than these.)

From this table, it looks that the only time Heather was swimming faster than Meredith and Caitlin was St. George 2010, and she was “soundly kicked in the ass” (her words) in this year’s Kona. But what should be considered “normal” .. was St. George the exception or Kona 2012? Another question is what influence the different courses have. Obviously the differences in the swim time largely stem from the fact that Kona (as an ocean swim with swell and currents) is slower that the lake swims in St.George, Canada or Arizona. Also, how accurately a course is measured is also an influence.

I’m trying to account for all of these factors by calculating an adjusted swim time (similar to the adjusted total time I use for my ratings). The adjusted swim times of an athlete can then be averaged to a swim rating. Here is a look how the swim ratings of Heather and the others ladies has developed over the years:

A couple of observations from this graph:

• The red line is mainly horizontal, which means that Heather’s swim rating hasn’t changed much between 2008 and 2012.
• Meredith’s swim rating (green line) has steadily improved from 2010 to 2012, she is about three minutes quicker than Heather (and Caitlin) now
• Caitlin (purple line) has also improved, she used to be two minutes slower than Heather and has improved to be faster by a few seconds. (But nowhere close to “soundly kicking my ass”, at least not in Ironman races.)
• Rinnie (blue line) made a big step (almost two minutes) after her first Ironman, she has been pretty steady since then.
• Rachel (orange line) is the best swimmer of these five athletes, she steadily improved until last year and is pretty steady at a sub-50-minutes rating since then.

All in all, the data agrees more with Heather’s assessment that her swim hasn’t improved, while other athletes managed to get better. Of course, the data is purely looking at the times – other factors such as how much effort was required cannot play a role here. If Paulo’s observation about her improved pool times is correct, maybe Heather can swim a bit harder without sacrificing too much bike or run time, or we can look forward to a breakthrough performance from Heather in one of her future Ironman races. For the next months,I think she correctly predicted when she wrote:

Oh my god, I am going to suffer in the water this winter!!!!!  🙂

(Photo from her blog.)

## IM Florida 2012 – Analyzing Results

### Race Conditions

After last year’s sub-8 and sub-9 winning times, we saw another fast race – but a little bit slower with an adjustment of 17:10 compared to last year’s 22:28. A big chunk of the difference comes from the swim, which was three minutes slower this year. Florida solidified its standing as one of the fastest courses on the IM calendar, currently only Brazil (by a few seconds) and Sweden (after just one, but crazy fast race) are quicker. (Of course, we also have the Challenge courses in Roth and Copenhagen that are quicker.)

### Male Race Results

Andy Starykowicz nailed his first Ironman, posting a new fastest ever bike time with a 4:04. (I’m not exactly sure where the previous record was set – probably 4:11 by Andi Raelert in his world best in Roth 2011 – any info is appreciated.) A very impressive improvement. He could then afford to run a little bit slower, a (probably controlled) 3:06 was enough to hold off previous winner Jan Raphael and a number of faster runners who posted sub-2:50 marathons.

 Rank Name Nation Swim Bike Run Actual Time Expected Time 1 Andrew Starykowicz USA 00:49:51 04:04:39 03:06:42 08:06:17 n/a 2 Jan Raphael GER 00:50:36 04:23:35 02:49:53 08:08:49 08:19:13 3 Scott Defilippis USA 00:57:44 04:18:46 02:47:29 08:09:33 08:57:55 4 David Plese SVN 00:57:46 04:24:21 02:47:01 08:14:28 n/a 5 Denis Chevrot FRA 00:48:52 04:25:16 02:57:03 08:16:49 n/a 6 Jens Petersen-Bach DNK 00:54:00 04:24:24 02:54:29 08:18:25 08:22:22 7 Christophe Bastie FRA 00:56:07 04:17:23 03:00:40 08:19:31 08:35:04 8 Petr Vabrousek CZE 00:57:43 04:16:36 03:04:07 08:23:47 08:38:11 9 James McCurdy USA 00:57:49 04:19:17 03:06:45 08:29:04 n/a 10 Kirill Kotshegarov EST 00:54:06 04:19:43 03:12:15 08:32:12 08:26:07 11 Thomas Gerlach USA 00:57:45 04:15:57 03:14:54 08:33:26 09:12:43 12 Daniel Bretscher USA 00:54:01 04:20:49 03:14:00 08:34:00 08:50:48 13 Andreas Fuchs AUT 00:57:45 04:15:36 03:16:39 08:35:23 08:52:52 14 Ciro Violin BRA 00:53:17 04:34:43 03:06:44 08:40:54 n/a 15 Ryan Cain CAN 00:58:32 04:41:26 02:59:45 08:45:28 09:27:04 16 Sean Donnelly GER 00:50:14 04:27:06 03:23:52 08:47:11 09:58:30 17 David Naesvik SWE 00:57:54 04:24:54 03:38:25 09:07:11 08:46:45 18 Timothy Tapply USA 01:03:41 04:51:53 03:07:48 09:08:45 09:18:40 19 Raymond Botelho USA 00:58:23 04:38:30 03:40:20 09:23:45 09:34:28 20 Alfred Rahm GER 01:07:07 04:47:58 03:23:53 09:26:33 09:24:48 21 Erik Strand SWE 00:51:09 04:59:23 03:31:54 09:27:31 n/a 22 Blake Becker USA 00:57:50 04:27:11 04:03:24 09:33:15 09:23:40 23 Daniel Schmoll GER 00:51:12 04:33:05 04:09:23 09:39:03 08:53:46 24 Rodrigo Faria BRA 01:01:29 05:01:28 03:38:54 09:49:10 n/a 25 Timothy Beardall AUS 01:02:14 04:32:43 04:31:39 10:12:28 09:27:07 26 Heinrich Sickl AUT 00:57:56 04:45:49 04:37:36 10:28:02 09:18:03 27 Kyle Pawlaczyk USA 00:58:00 04:56:04 05:23:13 11:23:06 09:18:17 28 Matjaz Kovac SVN 01:00:16 06:25:28 06:48:55 14:32:33 09:33:38

### Female Race Results

On the women’s side, Yvonne Van Vlerken had a great comeback race after a whole series of frustrating Ironman DNFs. Her 4:40 put enough distance between her and the other racers, and only 3rd place Ashley Clifford posted a sub-3 hour marathon. Mirinda Carfrae posted her first sub-5 hour bike ever in an Ironman, and admitted to running a bit faster than the intended “just jog and validate”. Still, she is the first athlete with a secure spot for Kona 2013!

 Rank Name Nation Swim Bike Run Actual Time Expected Time 1 Yvonne Van Vlerken AUT 01:01:26 04:40:20 03:04:45 08:51:35 09:00:49 2 Mirinda Carfrae AUS 00:58:53 04:57:06 03:03:26 09:05:03 08:51:27 3 Ashley Clifford USA 00:56:41 05:07:51 02:57:31 09:07:34 n/a 4 Meredith Kessler USA 00:52:44 04:47:00 03:22:52 09:08:28 09:13:35 5 Stephanie Jones USA 01:10:15 04:51:36 03:05:29 09:13:18 09:58:46 6 Carrie Lester AUS 00:58:13 04:57:34 03:16:59 09:17:53 09:16:17 7 Jennie Hansen USA 01:09:11 04:53:47 03:11:34 09:21:09 09:38:29 8 Eva Nystrom Swe 01:07:24 04:50:04 03:23:34 09:26:19 09:50:20 9 Yvette Grice GBR 00:58:36 05:08:30 03:16:34 09:28:53 09:52:10 10 Heleen Bij De Vaate NLD 01:09:22 04:48:21 03:28:08 09:30:57 09:28:25 11 Kristin Lie NOR 01:16:48 04:46:38 03:24:05 09:33:34 09:49:38 12 Suzanne Serpico USA 00:58:10 05:03:48 03:30:37 09:38:28 09:55:39 13 Asa Lundström SWE 01:04:18 05:01:06 03:28:16 09:38:44 09:30:49 14 Missy Kuck USA 00:57:53 04:57:37 03:51:05 09:52:18 n/a 15 Kelly Fillnow USA 01:13:37 05:13:53 03:23:36 09:57:43 10:00:55 16 Natasha Van der Merwe USA 01:09:23 04:54:05 03:50:00 09:59:06 n/a 17 Rebekka Essmüller GER 01:01:13 04:56:23 04:07:22 10:10:16 09:53:21 18 Heather Leiggi USA 01:08:37 05:04:35 04:02:17 10:21:27 n/a 19 Ann Ciaverella USA 01:09:02 05:19:47 03:58:22 10:33:16 10:36:54 20 Emelie Gunnarsson SWE 00:58:57 05:48:10 05:33:09 12:26:52 n/a